When we eat, in the digestive process, sugar is produced. Sugar finds its way from the digestive system into the blood, where insulin released from the pancreas helps break it down to release energy.
Insulin plays a blood sugar regulatory role. It prevents blood sugar levels from either rising too high. Diabetes experts have indicated normal blood sugar levels for healthy people. According to the American Diabetes Association, the standard blood sugar level in adults’ fasting state should stay less than 100 mg/dl. A reading between 100 mg/dl and 126 mg/dl indicates that the individual is pre-diabetic. These are warning levels. They tell you that you on the verge of turning diabetic. The peak blood sugar levels for non-diabetics measured two hours after eating should not exceed 180 mg/dl.
Blood sugar levels, when these stay high, cause harm. But why do these levels rise at all? The inability of available insulin to fully break available blood sugar into energy leads to increased blood sugar levels.
Another reason is that the conversion process itself has become retarded. The cells of the body have become resistant to the available insulin. As a consequence, blood sugar levels rise. The medical name for such a condition is insulin resistance.
The kidneys try to filter and reduce blood sugar that is not broken down by insulin. In high blood sugar conditions, the kidneys get overloaded with filtration work. Over time, the kidneys’ performance levels go down which ultimately can lead to kidney failure.
Conventional treatment of type 2 diabetes, broadly speaking, is composed of:
1. Diet modification
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