The fruit of Elaeocarpus ganitrus is used to make a string necklace from the dried fruit beads. Rudraksha is the Sanskrit name of the seed, which is used as Hindu prayer beads. The word “rudraksha” is made up of two words: “rudra” is the name given to Shiva, the Hindu god who is regarded as an incarnation of the destructive power of God, and “aksha” which translates to “eye” in Sanskrit.
Shiva Purana, Padma Purana, and Bhagwat Gita refer to the greatness and healing powers of rudraksha. According to the Ayurvedic medical system, wearing Rudraksha can positively affect the heart and nerves. It helps relieve a person from stress, anxiety, depression, palpitations, and lack of concentration. It is also used to treat nerve pain, epilepsy, migraine, asthma, hypertension, arthritis, and liver diseases. It is highly regarded for its anti-aging effect and electromagnetic and inductive properties. People with high blood pressure claim benefit from the use of rudraksha seeds.
Rudraksha contains indolizidine types of alkaloids, minerals, vitamins, steroids, flavonoids, etc. Aqueous leaves contain glycosides, while an ethanolic extract contains gallic acid, ellagic acid, and quercetin.
A study conducted by Dr. Jayantha Kumar Sarma et al. (2010) on cats indicates that rudraksha can reduce hypertension. Another study on rats also indicates an anti-hypertensive property of the species (Sakat et al., 2009). The anti-diabetic property has been observed in trials conducted on rats, and they showed that it is comparable to the modern drug glimepiride (Srikanth et al., 2012; and Juvekar et al., 2011).