Let me share evidence-based information on saffron’s medicinal properties.
The key constituents of saffron are safranal, crocin, carotenoids, glycoside forms, terpene derivatives, anthocyanins, flavonoids, the vitamins riboflavin and thiamine, amino acids, proteins, and starch.
Saffron is one of the 770 medicinal plants mentioned in the Sushruta Samhita. In Ayurveda, saffron improves skin tone and reduces acne in skin creams, herbal facial masks, and wound healing.
Modaghegh et al. (2008) conducted trials on a sample of 10 people who were administered saffron tablets and showed a reduction in both high systolic and arterial blood pressure. It also improves memory, learning, and sleep and increases blood flow in the retina and choroid. In high doses, it has a narcotic effect.
Crocus sativus (the botanical name for saffron) may alleviate premenstrual syndrome, according to a 2008 study published in the British Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology. After taking C. sativus twice a day during two menstrual cycles, the experiment group showed great improvement in premenstrual symptoms compared to those assigned a placebo. However, because it is used to break blood clots, those on blood-thinning medications, or women who experience heavy menstruation, should avoid saffron altogether.
In summary, it is a useful medicinal herb.
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