Lemongrass oil‘s medicinal properties have been widely studied. It contains 65–85 percent citral and myrcene, which have antibacterial and analgesic properties. It also has restorative, digestive, antitussive, antiviral, analgesic, antiemetic,
anticardiopathic, anti-inflammatory (in urinary ducts), diuretic, antispasmodic, diaphoretic, and anti-allergic effects (Negrelle and Gomes, 2007).

Its anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, antimycobacterial, antiviral, antifungal, antifilarial, antiamoebic, and antimutagenic properties have been studied and validated in animal trials. The plant is also indicated to possess antipyretic, antiseptic,  anticarcinogenic, hypoglycemic, and insecticidal properties. Various active compounds, such as citronel, citronellal, geraniol,
terpenes, alcohols, ketones, aldehydes, esters, flavonoids, and phenolic compounds, have been isolated from C. citratus, which the U.S. FDA has classified as “Generally Recognised as Safe.”

The herb is also a traditional Brazilian medicine believed to help calm the mind and treat muscular spasms, cramps, and fatigue. In Ayurveda, it is used to provide relief in cases of respiratory distress, cough, sore throat, laryngitis, and fever. It is useful in preventing colitis, indigestion, and other gastroenteritis ailments.

According to the principles of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Cymbopogon (the botanical name of the lemongrass plant), or xiang mao, has acrid and warm properties and is used to treat headaches, abdominal pain, and rheumatic pain.

Learn more about lemongrass in Holy Herbs: Modern Connections to Ancient Plants

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