According to the World Health Organization (2016 figures), there are around 2 billion overweight adults. They estimate that 39% of men and 40% of women age 18 or over were overweight, and 13% of people were obese. An increase in obesity is a rising trend. Obesity has nearly tripled between 1975 and 2016.
If the current trends continue, by 2025, 2.7 billion adults will be overweight, of which 1 billion will be in the obese category. Of these, 177 million adults will be severely affected by obesity.
According to CDC data
- The US obesity prevalence was 42.4% in 2017 – 2018.
- From 1999 –2000 through 2017 –2018, US obesity prevalence increased from 30.5% to 42.4%. During the same time, the prevalence of severe obesity increased from 4.7% to 9.2%.
US obesity prevalence is higher than the global average.
The problem of obesity is not just an adult problem but is prevalent amongst children too. WHO has reported that for 2016, 41 million children under 5 years were either overweight or obese? Obesity is rising in all age classes. These are alarming statistics.
Obesity is a complex disease. It appears as a polygenic condition. It is affected by environmental factors (mainly unbalanced dietary patterns and physical inactivity).
Obesity also has a psychological impact. Obese people often suffer from low confidence, depression, and low self-esteem. Other conditions frequently encountered by obese people are breathlessness, increased sweating, snoring, tiredness, joint and back pain, and physical activity difficulty. Obesity is said to reduce life expectancy. The reduction will vary depending on the severity of the condition and its health impact.
By declaring obesity an epidemic in the US -it will lead to more dollars for obesity research, building awareness, and finding solutions.