Fermented foods contain bacteria that will help build the gut microbiome. There are several foods and food supplements that contain probiotic bacteria. These include dietary supplements, pharmaceutical products, medical foods, infant formula; fermented foods like fresh yogurt, fermented milk, aged cheese, kimchi, craft beer, and miso, fermented vegetables like sauerkraut or pickles, and sourdough bread.

The most common probiotic bacteria species are Lactobacilli acidophilus and Bifidobacterium longum. Probiotics microorganisms belong to a group of genera that include Lactobacillus, Bifidobacterium, Saccharomyces, Enterococcus, Streptococcus, Pediococcus, Leuconostoc, Bacillus, and Escherichia coli.

Gut microorganisms aids in the digestion of food. They assist the digestion process by helping release nutrition from the food — making it available to the body. Gut microbiota help protects the body from external infections. Healthy and balanced gut microbiota is critical to a healthy gut and a healthy body.

Probiotic bacteria are effective only when they are alive and consumed in adequate quantity. A daily serving should contain at least a billion CFUs (Colony Forming Unit)

Misbalances in the gut microbiota can lead to diarrhea, constipation, inflamed bowels, and other gut ailments. Even diabetes and allergies have been connected to the state of the gut microbiome (International Scientific Association for Probiotics and Prebiotics).

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