Sudhir Ahluwalia
Sacred Trees

Sacred Trees

Feature photo: The Assyrian Sacred Tree -Near Eastern Archaeology Ancient civilizations and religious texts of all three religions of the Biblical lands (Christianity, Jewish, and Islam) have attributed immense importance to trees, which were valued for food, animal...
Henna – Historical Overview

Henna – Historical Overview

Lawsonia inermis is the botanical name for henna. This small tree grows to a height of 5–7 meters. The plant prefers a dry and hot climate. It grows extensively in the Mediterranean region, Egypt, neighboring countries of northern and eastern Africa, the Arabian...
Costus in history

Costus in history

Costus comes from the root of plants in the Saussurea genus that grow in the higher elevations of the Himalayas in Asia, Tibet, and China. The name costus means “coming from the East” in Greek. The rhizome is cut, dried, and exported. Costus is rich in resinoids,...
Galbanum – trade and production

Galbanum – trade and production

Photo: www.ericamcneal.com Galbanum was actively traded in pre- and post-Biblical times. It was sourced largely from Mesopotamia and Turkey. Today, these countries continue to be major producers. Galbanum is not known to grow in Israel, and the Israeli plants database...
Cinnamon Overview

Cinnamon Overview

Featured photo: Bernard Thiry Cinnamon is one of the more famous spices from Biblical and pre-Biblical times. It originates from a number of species, including Cinnamomum zeylanicum syn in the Family Lauraceae. Cinnamomum brumannii, Cinnamomum cassia, and Cinnamomum...