Sudhir Ahluwalia
Galbanum – trade and production

Galbanum – trade and production

Photo: www.ericamcneal.com Galbanum was actively traded in pre- and post-Biblical times. It was sourced largely from Mesopotamia and Turkey. Today, these countries continue to be major producers. Galbanum is not known to grow in Israel, and the Israeli plants database...
Sumatra Benzoin Incense

Sumatra Benzoin Incense

Styrax benzoin inhabits the Sumatran region of Indonesia, India, Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, and Malaysia. It is grown as an ornamental shade tree in West Africa. It grows to a height of 12 meters. The tree is a source of benzoin resin. Sumatra benzoin is produced from...
Saffron- Botany And Medicine

Saffron- Botany And Medicine

Crocus sativus (saffron) is a small flowering herb that is 15 to 30 centimeters tall that is distributed across central Asia, Iran, Mediterranean, Europe, Asia (largely Kashmir and Afghanistan), northern Africa, and North America in areas with hot dry summers and cold...
Myrrh In The Bible

Myrrh In The Bible

Myrrh a consituent of the Holy Anointing Oil was valued not just as perfume but also for its use in medicine. Romans, Egyptians, Greek, and the Chinese used Commiphora myrrha as medicine. Written references to myrrh as a perfume and herbal medicine date back to...
Herbs In The Holy Anointing Oil

Herbs In The Holy Anointing Oil

As one of the most researched of ancient literatures, the Bible is a window into the life and practices of the people who lived in Israel and bordering nations of Egypt, Mesopotamia, Greece, Rome, and Judea. The Bible and other texts from that time offer a broad view...