Mint belongs to the Mentha genus and has dozens of species and cultivars. Hybridization between species occurs naturally. The four most commonly cultivated species are Mentha arvensis (Japanese mint, menthol); Mentha piperita (peppermint); Mentha spicata (spearmint); and Mentha citrata (bergamot). Mentha sylvestris is another wild mint that grows much larger than M. spicata. This species was used in the Middle East and Israel as a condiment and medicine.
Mint is rich in vitamins A and C. It also contains small amounts of vitamin B2 and the minerals calcium, zinc, copper, and magnesium. Spearmint oil is similar to peppermint oil but slightly sweeter and pale yellow to greenish. Dried peppermint typically has 0.3–0.4 percent volatile oil containing menthol (7–48 percent), menthone (20–46 percent), menthyl acetate (3–10 percent), menthofuran (1–17 percent), and 1,8-cineol (3–6 percent).
Tayarani-Najaran et al. (2013) indicate that the essential oils of both M. spicata and M. piperita have antiemetic effects in chemotherapy patients. Experiments with essential oil on rats indicate its antitumor properties (Hajighasemi, 2011). Studies by Kazemi, Rostami, and Shafiei (2012) suggest that M. piperita has antibacterial and antifungal activities, though less than that of M. spicata. Carvone possessed the highest antibacterial and antifungal activity among the tested components.
M. piperita is widely used in medicines to relieve digestive problems, including heartburn, nausea, vomiting, morning sickness, irritable bowel syndrome, cramps, upset stomach, diarrhea, liver and gall bladder complaints, spasms during endoscopy procedures, and as a stimulant.
I have just listed some of the mint’s medicinal properties above. There is much more to this herb. Mint was extensively used in Biblical times and found mentioned in the Holy Bible.

My books on herbs and natural medicine:

Holy Herbs: Modern Connections to Ancient Plants

Asian herbs and their wondrous health-giving properties

Natural Solutions for Diabetes, Obesity, and Cancer (a tri-series)

Nutrition Facts- a guide to good health

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