According to the American Diabetes Association, nutrient-dense foods are the best for individuals who have diabetes. These foods are rich in fiber, vitamins, minerals but low in added sugars, sodium, and unhealthy fats.
These nutrients are available in non-starchy vegetables like broccoli, tomatoes, beans, lettuce, cucumbers, and the like. These should be consumed as much as possible in whole and minimally processed forms.
Apple, cantaloupe, strawberries, and blueberries, brown rice, whole wheat bread, whole grain pasta, and oatmeal are other food recommendations.
A diabetic diet can include starchy vegetables like corn, green peas, sweet potatoes, pumpkin, plantain, black beans, kidney beans, chickpeas, and green lentils.
Avoid refined, highly processed carbohydrate foods, foods with added sugar, sugary drinks like soda, sweet tea or coffee, juice, white bread, white rice, sugary cereal, sweets, and snack foods like cake, cookies, candy, and chips. Nuts like peanuts, walnuts, and almonds have a lot of fiber, healthy fat. Keep the portion size small as these contain a lot of calories.
Similar recommendations are made by the Diabetes body in the UK too. While both these bodies do not prohibit the consumption of fish, meat, chicken, and dairy, they do not also expressly support their use.
Other scholars have recommended abstinence from dairy and focusing on vegan diets.
My studies have revealed that the best results are obtained when a combination of diet, exercise, and herbal combinations along with modern antidiabetic medicine, altogether will help in the effective management of Type 2 diabetes.
For gestational and Type 1 diabetes, the only option is external insulin.
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